We can use wish + past simple to talk about a present situation we would like to be different.
I + wish + I + could buy a new computer
I wish you were here.
I wish you lived in Madrid.
He wishes he could buy a new car.
This video will help you to understand it:
And now, let's listen to a song. Do you recognise the structure 😉?
*Compact Preliminary for schools:
Let's do a reported speech review (page 61, Part 1. Ex.1 and exam task)
- "Exam task" exercise: this exercise is the opposite: you have to write the direct form from a reported statement – este ejercicio es al revés de los que hemos hecho hasta ahora. La frase está en reported speech y lo tenemos que poner en estilo directo-. Un ejemplo:
The teacher told us not to put plastic bottles in the green bin → “Please do not put plastic bottles in the green bin” the teacher said.
Oh my goodness? "Reported speech"? What is that 😖? Do you remember when you studied it last year? Don't worry, after reading this post and watching these videos you'll be an expert 😀.
We use Reported speech (estilo indirecto) to tell someone what another person said.This video will help you to understand it:
|direct statement||reported statement|
|"I am sick."||She said that she was sick.|
Let's imagine something: you are with two friends (Mario and Daniella) and Mario says: "I love Harry Potter films". Daniella didn't hear him, so she asked you: "What did he said?" And you say:
"He said he loved Harry Potter films".
So, in this example:
Direct speech: 'I love Harry Potter films,' he said.
Reported speech: He said he loved Harry Potter films.
Have you noticed there has been some changes? When we change direct speech into reported speech, we need to change the tense:
- present simple ⇒ past simple
- present continuous ⇒ past continuous
- past simple ⇒ past perfect
- present perfect ⇒ past perfect
- future simple ⇒ would + verb
Don't panic!!! It's easier than you think, trust me:
And finally... let's visit the following website. You'll find a video and some exercises for practising.
If you have any question, please contact me or leave a comment below.
Do you remember reflexive pronouns? Reflexive pronouns are: myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves and themselves. They refer back to a person or thing.
Reflexive pronouns are used when the subject and the object of the action are the same person, animal or thing.
⏭ I cut myself by accident.
⏭ You need to believe in yourself.
⏭ He is teaching himself to play the guitar.
⏭ They walk to school by themselves.
- Here you'll find a short explanation:
- And a song:
How to do the worksheet (live worksheet):
1. Go to
2. Complete the worksheet.
3. Click on "terminado"
4. Click on "enviar respuestas a mi profesor" (send answers to my teacher).
5. Write your name, subject (English) and grade (6th). And enter the code:
lgevpvy27r (teacher code)
6. Click on "enviar".
7. And finally, you've finished!!!
First, let's present the topic:
- Have to/ don't have to
- You have to tidy your room (it's compulsory, you have to do it). For example we can use it when writing rules.
- You don't have to get up early on Saturdays (you can do it, but it's not compulsory.There is no obligation).
- Should/Shouldn't, ought to/ ought not to
If you have any question, leave your comments below.
How to do the quiz:
1. Go to joinmyquiz.com
3. Click on "únete"
4. Enter your name… and start!
Answer CDI (English).
You can download the solutions. Click below:
ANSWER KEY (CDI)
Was it difficult? Did you find it easier or more difficult than Cambridge tests?
You can download the file (click on the link below):
"Competencia en comunicación lingüística 2018".
And this is the audio (click on the link below):
I'll post the solutions by the end of the week. Have a nice week!!
PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS IN DAILY LIFE
Let's enjoy listening to a song at the same time we're learning grammar!!
* REPORTED SPEECH
- REPORTED QUESTIONS EX.1
- REPORTED QUESTIONS EX.2
- REPORTED REQUESTS
EXERCISE ON REPORTED SPEECH
- ACTIVE OR PASSIVE? PRESENT SIMPLE
- THE PASSIVE PRESENT SIMPLE
- ACTIVE OR PASSIVE? PAST SIMPLE
- THE PASSIVE PAST SIMPLE
- THE PASSIVE PRESENT CONTINUOUS
*FUTURE "BE GOING TO"
* FUTURE TENSES GAME
Practice "be going to"; "will"; "present continuous"
* PRESENT SIMPLE
*PRESENT SIMPLE VS PRESENT CONTINOUS
* IRREGULAR PAST SIMPLE GAME
* PRESENT CONTINUOUS RALLY GAME
* PAST SIMPLE VS PAST CONTINUOUS